Hands are closed
into a fist for much of the time. The grasp
reflex activated with
touch to the palm makes the baby
your thumbs tight enough to be lifted up.
This reflex diminishes
the next 4 to 6 months.
two months the baby reacts to stimuli by moving
the whole body. Hands are often fisted and gradually spending
and more time
Boppy pillows or
cushions help support the baby while on the
belly.Bearing weight on a
surface provides sensory stimulation
Between two and four months babies
can maintain a grasp on an
object that is placed in their hands.
Developing head control
enables the baby to
hold his head up while on his belly.
Babies discover that they can bring
the hands together at the
middle of the body to
clasp and play with
feet. Babies begin
reaching with both hands.
Babies may hold onto an object more
with one hand while patting
it with the other hand.
The object is
grasped inside the palm. The
baby's head is stronger and she can
hold it higher and support
body on the forearms while on her belly.
While on the belly the
baby can hold up her chest and head, extend
her arms and hold herself up
on her hands. Babies can
sit with support
or independently to play with toys.
Babies reach, grasp and
toys in different positions, start to reach with
one hand and transfer
object from one
hand to the other.
eight and nine months of age, the "digital radial" grasp
develops. Smaller objects are
held between the index and middle
fingers and thumb,rather than in the
gradually develop the ability to pick up smaller and smaller
objects and isolate the index
finger to push buttons and point.
develop the inferior pincer grasp, using
the side of the index
finger and thumb.
year of age babies can pick up tiny pieces of cereal
using a neat
pincer grasp. This involves
the pad of the index
thumb. They are also starting to
in a more complex ways
such as rolling
coordination develops to place rings on a stack,
nest cups, put large pegs in a board
and place shapes in
form boards. Messy
play continues to teach about touch,
Babies are busy
using objects both in pretend play and
functionally. They use a spoon, brush, crayons, throw
toy telephone and put on glasses.
to use hands
together (such as when opening and closes
Skills improve to
stabilize with one hand while manipulating
with the other hand.
develops to hold several small items in the
hand at one time. Many toddlers use one
hand to manipulate
more than the
other. However, children do not develop a hand
preference until older.