| Why Is Typing So Challenging?
typist must be
able to :
with good coordination
hands together (This is called bilateral coordination.)
locations in order to type without looking at the keyboard.
amount of pressure to avoid typing the same letter repeatedly.
posture and wrist position for comfort and endurance.
tactile awareness to move fingers without looking.
computer screen to find what is needed.
tracking to follow
letters on screen as they are typed and while looking for errors.
that Promote Sequencing Letters and Numbers
of common spelling words and sequences of numbers will make typing faster. It
enables children to
look at the computer screen
rather than having the
glued to the sentence being copied.
Activities that promote
1. Step by
2. Stringing jewelry beads
4. Bingo using words
5. Card games
6. Memory games
7. Movement games
8. "Simon" game
have difficulty regulating the amount of pressure they use. They
might benefit from activities which
involve different amounts of
force. Some suggested activities are:
paper over a phone book,
trying not to let writing show below paper.
paper placed over a sheet
of sand paper. The child must press
hard enough to see the writing.
then cracking eggs
during a baking activity.
feathers, cotton balls or
other light materials to a collage.
cutters, then picking
dough up to place in a baking dish.
large tweezers to
pick up small beads.
practice schedules, teacher instruction,
of computers to use, grade level expectations and evaluation methods.
and using the computer
is so important these days
it is taught
grade school, often
in the 3rd or
4th grade, ( I
typing in 8th
the child is having difficulty with
handwriting. Some computers are sold in smaller sizes
promote the skills
needed to be an effective typist
that Promote Finger Isolation
Sparkling Wheel requires the index finger
and thumb to work
opposite each other. The
thumb pushes the lever to make the
The spray bottle also
piano and Flexigrip isolate individuals fingers.
finger movement and
Whereas, the telephone isolates only one.
That Promote Bilateral Coordination
and games such as Mr. Potato Head and cards, practice with
fasteners, opening and closing containers and tools such as paper
clips and scissors train children to use both
hands together. This is
important training before learning how to type.
such as Zoom Ball, climbing and wheelbarrow walking
bilateral hand use.
grasping each handle. Wrap the shiny
blue center piece around the
twirling it toward
yourself. Then gently pull the two ends apart.
blue piece will make an interesting sound and
visual effect as it
quickly spins. You can make your own
toy with a string and large button. Add
loops on ends
of the Keyboard
Memorization of the keyboard
is obviously very important
so that the typist can keep the eyes on the
are lots of computer programs and games that work
these very skills.
Most of them involve typing the letters
or words that are moving across or down
Please visit the Keyboarding Resources
for a list of free games.
Posture and Wrist Position
hips should be flexed
at 90 degrees
and feet flat on the floor.
seated elbow height and the
keyboard base gently sloped away from the
user so that
the key tops are accessible to the
hands in a neutral
posture (wrists are level with
the forearm). Sometimes a
can help achieve a comfortable neutral
position. The lower
back should rest against the lumbar support of
the monitor, keyboard and chair in a straight line.
distance for the monitor is typically 15-30 inches.
Keep written work
materials propped up near the monitor screen.
Kinesthetic and Tactile Awareness
need a sense of where the body, hands and fingers
are in space and
tactile discrimination to be able to
type without looking at the board.
need to understand
the spatial relationships between the different
bar and be able to quickly go back and forth between
mouse and keyboard.
Activities that promote these skills
and ball games
tactile arts and crafts with a variety of media such
as glue, tape, paper mache and paint
and crafts which involve spatial concepts such
as macrame, making
jewelry or gimp
objects and magnetic letters in hand without
- Musical instruments
- String games
- Games such as
Jenga, Pick -Up
or Barrel of
that require fine control
marbles, Jacks, yo yo, juggling and other
a page or computer screen means being
able to find the
needs such as a specific
math problem even
though the page is busy with
other numbers, symbols and
Early practice with figure-ground activities such
as in the Where's
Waldo or I Spy
books or finding what
is missing or wrong
in a picture
help young children
discrimination skills on a
Ask children to find
things in the home, items on a scavenger
in the park, eggs hidden in the yard or simply point to details on a
all the letters A or
the words THE on a page
practice to scan.
For lots more visual perceptual
see the page: Barbara's
the text being copied, typing and following the
the screen involves many visual skills. However,
optimally, the typist
does not need to look at the keyboard at all.
term Visual Tracking
refers to the
ability to keep the eyes on a
moving target. Difficulty with this
skill is a red flag that a child may
have a reading or processing
deficit. Visual tracking is also involved
when a student moves
pencil along the paper to write, complete
a maze, connect dots and draw
lines with a ruler. Many computer
games involve visual
tracking. Please read more information
on visual skills at: Promoting
and Techniques to Improve Typing Skills
on where to buy the following products is
cue- Place a
small piece of Velcro on
such as F and J or the
keys being practiced.
with only one
hand if the student is unable
to learn typing with both
- Use of a key
the typist to type only one key
at a time. This is particularly helpful
for typists with
decreased motor coordination.
attached to the fingers. Each has
an embossed letter indicating the
home row of keys with
smaller letters for the other rows.
Coded keyboards can be
purchased or stickers
used to code either rows of keys
or all the
keys to be
typed with the same finger.
different letter arrangements.
These are designed to be more
comfortable than the
traditional QWERTY pattern designed in the
material to copy onto the
monitor. Place thicker volumes
in a cookbook holder adjacent
to the monitor.
glare. Move the computer away
from the window or
the glare of
with a cardboard box with area for hands
at the hands.
cut out. Once the
covering the keys will reinforce looking at the
- Word prediction
programs decrease the amount of typing
required and assist in translating